#!/usr/bin/python3 -u
# The -u option above turns off block buffering of python output. This 
# assures that each error message gets individually printed to the log file.
# Module: arednsigAgent.py
# Description: This module acts as an agent between the aredn node
# and aredn mest services.  The agent periodically sends an http
# request to the aredn node, processes the response from
# the node, and performs a number of operations:
#     - conversion of data items
#     - update a round robin (rrdtool) database with the node data
#     - periodically generate graphic charts for display in html documents
#     - write the processed node status to a JSON file for use by html
#       documents
# Copyright 2020 Jeff Owrey
#    This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
#    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
#    the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
#    (at your option) any later version.
#    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#    GNU General Public License for more details.
#    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
#    along with this program.  If not, see http://www.gnu.org/license.
# Revision History
#   * v20 released 11 Jan 2020 by J L Owrey; first release
#   * v21 released 13 Feb 2020 by J L Owrey; fixed bug occuring when node
#     powers on and signal data memory is empty.  Data points with N/A data
#     are discarded.
#   * v22 released 31 Mar 2020 by J L Owrey; upgraded for compatibility with
#     Aredn firmware version  This agent now downloads the node's
#     status page and parsed the signal data from the html.
#   * v23 released 11 Jun 2021 by J L Owrey; remove unused code.
#   * v24 released 14 Jun 2021 by J L Owrey; minor revisions
#   * v25 released 9 Jul 2021 by J L Owrey; improved handling of
#         node status function

import os
import sys
import signal
import subprocess
import multiprocessing
import time
import json
from urllib.request import urlopen

   ### ENVIRONMENT ###

_USER = os.environ['USER']
_SERVER_MODE = "primary"


# set url of the aredn node

    "{your node url}"


# folder for containing dynamic data objects
_DOCROOT_PATH = "/home/%s/public_html/arednsig/" % _USER
# folder for charts and output data file
# location of data output file
_OUTPUT_DATA_FILE = _DOCROOT_PATH + "dynamic/arednsigData.js"
# database that stores node data
_RRD_FILE = "/home/%s/database/arednsigData.rrd" % _USER


# max number of failed data requests allowed
# AREDN node data request interval in seconds
# number seconds to wait for a response to HTTP request

# chart update interval in seconds
# standard chart width in pixels
# standard chart height in pixels
# Set this to True only if this server is intended to relay raw


# turn on or off of verbose debugging information
verboseMode = False
debugMode = False

# The following two items are used for detecting system faults
# and aredn node online or offline status.

# count of failed attempts to get data from aredn node
failedUpdateCount = 0
# detected status of aredn node device
nodeOnline = False

# ip address of aredn node
# frequency of data requests to aredn node
# chart update interval
chartUpdateInterval = _CHART_UPDATE_INTERVAL


def getTimeStamp():
    Set the error message time stamp to the local system time.
    Parameters: none
    Returns: string containing the time stamp
    return time.strftime( "%m/%d/%Y %T", time.localtime() )
##end def

def getEpochSeconds(sTime):
    """Convert the time stamp supplied in the supplied string
       to seconds since 1/1/1970 00:00:00.
           sTime - the time stamp to be converted must be formatted
                   as %m/%d/%Y %H:%M:%S
       Returns: epoch seconds
        t_sTime = time.strptime(sTime, '%m/%d/%Y %H:%M:%S')
    except Exception as exError:
        print('%s getEpochSeconds: %s' % (getTimeStamp(), exError))
        return None
    tSeconds = int(time.mktime(t_sTime))
    return tSeconds
##end def

def setStatusToOffline():
    """Set the detected status of the aredn node to
       "offline" and inform downstream clients by removing input
       and output data files.
       Parameters: none
       Returns: nothing
    global nodeOnline

    # Inform downstream clients by removing output data file.
    if os.path.exists(_OUTPUT_DATA_FILE):
    # If the aredn node was previously online, then send
    # a message that we are now offline.
    if nodeOnline:
        print('%s aredn node offline' % getTimeStamp())
    nodeOnline = False
##end def

def terminateAgentProcess(signal, frame):
    """Send a message to log when the agent process gets killed
       by the operating system.  Inform downstream clients
       by removing input and output data files.
           signal, frame - dummy parameters
       Returns: nothing
    print('%s terminating arednsig agent process' % getTimeStamp())
##end def

  ###  PUBLIC METHODS  ###

def getNodeData(dData):
    """Send http request to aredn node.  The response from the
       node contains the node signal data as unformatted ascii text.
       Parameters: none
       Returns: True if successful,
                or False if not successful
        currentTime = time.time()
        response = urlopen(arednNodeUrl, timeout=_HTTP_REQUEST_TIMEOUT)
        requestTime = time.time() - currentTime

        content = response.read().decode('utf-8')
        content = content.replace('\n', '')
        content = content.replace('\r', '')
        if content == "":
            raise Exception("empty response")
    except Exception as exError:
        # If no response is received from the device, then assume that
        # the device is down or unavailable over the network.  In
        # that case return None to the calling function.
        print("%s getNodeData: %s" % (getTimeStamp(), exError))
        return False
    ##end try

    if debugMode:
    if verboseMode:
        print("http request successful: %.4f sec" % requestTime)

    dData['content'] = content
    return True
##end def

def parseDataString(dData):
    """Parse the node signal data JSON string from the aredn node
       into its component parts.  
           sData - the string containing the data to be parsed
           dData - a dictionary object to contain the parsed data items
       Returns: True if successful, False otherwise
    sData = dData.pop('content')
        strBeginSearch = '<nobr>Signal/Noise/Ratio</nobr></th>' \
                         '<td valign=middle><nobr><big><b>'
        strEndSearch = 'dB</b>'

        iBeginIndex = sData.find(strBeginSearch) + len(strBeginSearch)
        iEndIndex = sData.find(strEndSearch, iBeginIndex)
        #print("search params: %d, %d" % (iBeginIndex, iEndIndex))

        if iBeginIndex == -1 or iEndIndex == -1:
            raise Exception("signal data not found in status page")

        snr = sData[iBeginIndex:iEndIndex]
        snr = snr.replace(' ','')
        lsnr = snr.split('/')

        dData['signal'] = lsnr[0]
        dData['noise'] = lsnr[1]
        dData['snr'] = lsnr[2]
    except Exception as exError:
        print("%s parse failed: %s" % (getTimeStamp(), exError))
        return False
    ## end try

    # Add status information to dictionary object.
    dData['date'] = getTimeStamp()
    dData['chartUpdateInterval'] = chartUpdateInterval
    dData['dataRequestInterval'] = dataRequestInterval
    dData['serverMode'] = _SERVER_MODE

    return True
##end def

def writeOutputFile(dData):
    """Write node data items to the output data file, formatted as 
       a Javascript file.  This file may then be accessed and used by
       by downstream clients, for instance, in HTML documents.
           sData - a string object containing the data to be written
                   to the output data file
       Returns: True if successful, False otherwise
    # Write file for use by html clients.  The following two
    # data items are sent to the client file.
    #    * The last database update date and time
    #    * The data request interval

    # Format data into a JSON string.
    jsData = json.loads("{}")
        for key in dData:
        sData = "[%s]" % json.dumps(jsData)
    except Exception as exError:
        print("%s writeOutputFile: %s" % (getTimeStamp(), exError))
        return False

    if debugMode:

        fc = open(_OUTPUT_DATA_FILE, "w")
    except Exception as exError:
        print("%s write output file failed: %s" % (getTimeStamp(), exError))
        return False

    return True
## end def

def setNodeStatus(updateSuccess):
    """Detect if aredn node is offline or not available on
       the network. After a set number of attempts to get data
       from the node set a flag that the node is offline.
           updateSuccess - a boolean that is True if data request
                           successful, False otherwise
       Returns: nothing
    global failedUpdateCount, nodeOnline

    if updateSuccess:
        failedUpdateCount = 0
        # Set status and send a message to the log if the device
        # previously offline and is now online.
        if not nodeOnline:
            print('%s node online' % getTimeStamp())
            nodeOnline = True
    elif failedUpdateCount == _MAX_FAILED_DATA_REQUESTS - 1:
        # Max number of failed data requests, so set
        # device status to offline.
    ## end if
    failedUpdateCount += 1
##end def


def updateDatabase(dData):
    Update the rrdtool database by executing an rrdtool system command.
    Format the command using the data extracted from the aredn node
    Parameters: dData - dictionary object containing data items to be
                        written to the rr database file
    Returns: True if successful, False otherwise
    time = getEpochSeconds(dData['date'])

    # Format the rrdtool update command.
    strFmt = "rrdtool update %s %s:%s:%s:%s:%s:%s:%s:%s"
    strCmd = strFmt % (_RRD_FILE, time, dData['signal'], \
             dData['noise'], dData['snr'], '0', \
             '0', '0', '0')

    if debugMode:
        print("%s" % strCmd) # DEBUG

    # Run the command as a subprocess.
        subprocess.check_output(strCmd, shell=True,  \
    except subprocess.CalledProcessError as exError:
        print("%s: rrdtool update failed: %s" % \
                    (getTimeStamp(), exError.output))
        return False

    if verboseMode and not debugMode:
        print("database update successful")

    return True
##end def

def createGraph(fileName, dataItem, gLabel, gTitle, gStart,
                lower, upper, addTrend, autoScale):
    """Uses rrdtool to create a graph of specified node data item.
           fileName - name of file containing the graph
           dataItem - data item to be graphed
           gLabel - string containing a graph label for the data item
           gTitle - string containing a title for the graph
           gStart - beginning time of the graphed data
           lower - lower bound for graph ordinate #NOT USED
           upper - upper bound for graph ordinate #NOT USED
           addTrend - 0, show only graph data
                      1, show only a trend line
                      2, show a trend line and the graph data
           autoScale - if True, then use vertical axis auto scaling
               (lower and upper parameters are ignored), otherwise use
               lower and upper parameters to set vertical axis scale
       Returns: True if successful, False otherwise
    gPath = _CHARTS_DIRECTORY + fileName + ".png"
    trendWindow = { 'end-1day': 7200,
                    'end-4weeks': 172800,
                    'end-12months': 604800 }
    # Format the rrdtool graph command.

    # Set chart start time, height, and width.
    strCmd = "rrdtool graph %s -a PNG -s %s -e now -w %s -h %s " \
             % (gPath, gStart, _CHART_WIDTH, _CHART_HEIGHT)
    # Set the range and scaling of the chart y-axis.
    if lower < upper:
        strCmd  +=  "-l %s -u %s -r " % (lower, upper)
    elif autoScale:
        strCmd += "-A "
    strCmd += "-Y "

    # Set the chart ordinate label and chart title. 
    strCmd += "-v %s -t %s " % (gLabel, gTitle)
    # Show the data, or a moving average trend line over
    # the data, or both.
    strCmd += "DEF:dSeries=%s:%s:LAST " % (_RRD_FILE, dataItem)
    if addTrend == 0:
        strCmd += "LINE1:dSeries#0400ff "
    elif addTrend == 1:
        strCmd += "CDEF:smoothed=dSeries,%s,TREND LINE2:smoothed#006600 " \
                  % trendWindow[gStart]
    elif addTrend == 2:
        strCmd += "LINE1:dSeries#0400ff "
        strCmd += "CDEF:smoothed=dSeries,%s,TREND LINE2:smoothed#006600 " \
                  % trendWindow[gStart]
    if debugMode:
        print("%s" % strCmd) # DEBUG
    # Run the formatted rrdtool command as a subprocess.
        result = subprocess.check_output(strCmd, \
                     stderr=subprocess.STDOUT,   \
    except subprocess.CalledProcessError as exError:
        print("rrdtool graph failed: %s" % (exError.output))
        return False

    if verboseMode:
        print("rrdtool graph: %s\n" % result.decode('utf-8'), end='')
    return True

##end def

def generateGraphs():
    """Generate graphs for display in html documents.
       Parameters: none
       Returns: nothing
    autoScale = False

    # The following will force creation of charts
    # of only signal strength and S/N charts.  Note that the following
    # data items appear constant and do not show variation with time:
    # noise level, rx mcs, rx rate, tx mcs, tx rate.  Therefore, until
    # these parameters are demonstrated to vary in time, there is no point
    # in creating the charts for these data items.
    createAllCharts = False

    # 24 hour stock charts

    createGraph('24hr_signal', 'S', 'dBm', 
                'RSSI\ -\ Last\ 24\ Hours', 'end-1day', 0, 0, 2, autoScale)
    createGraph('24hr_snr', 'SNR', 'dB', 
                'SNR\ -\ Last\ 24\ Hours', 'end-1day', 0, 0, 2, autoScale)

    # 4 week stock charts

    createGraph('4wk_signal', 'S', 'dBm', 
                'RSSI\ -\ Last\ 4\ Weeks', 'end-4weeks', 0, 0, 2, autoScale)
    createGraph('4wk_snr', 'SNR', 'dB', 
                'SNR\ -\ Last\ 4\ Weeks', 'end-4weeks', 0, 0, 2, autoScale)

    # 12 month stock charts

    createGraph('12m_signal', 'S', 'dBm', 
                'RSSI\ -\ Past\ Year', 'end-12months', 0, 0, 2, autoScale)
    createGraph('12m_snr', 'SNR', 'dB', 
                'SNR\ -\ Past\ Year', 'end-12months', 0, 0, 2, autoScale)

    if verboseMode:
        #print() # print a blank line to improve readability when in debug mode
##end def

def getCLarguments():
    """Get command line arguments.  There are four possible arguments
          -d turns on debug mode
          -v turns on verbose debug mode
          -t sets the aredn node query interval
          -u sets the url of the aredn nodeing device
       Returns: nothing
    global verboseMode, debugMode, dataRequestInterval, \

    index = 1
    while index < len(sys.argv):
        if sys.argv[index] == '-v':
            verboseMode = True
        elif sys.argv[index] == '-d':
            verboseMode = True
            debugMode = True
        elif sys.argv[index] == '-p':
                dataRequestInterval = abs(int(sys.argv[index + 1]))
                print("invalid polling period")
            index += 1
        elif sys.argv[index] == '-u':
            arednNodeUrl = sys.argv[index + 1]
            if arednNodeUrl.find('http://') < 0:
                arednNodeUrl = 'http://' + arednNodeUrl
            index += 1
            cmd_name = sys.argv[0].split('/')
            print("Usage: %s [-d] [-v] [-p seconds] [-u url]" % cmd_name[-1])
        index += 1
##end def

def main():
    """Handles timing of events and acts as executive routine managing
       all other functions.
       Parameters: none
       Returns: nothing
    global dataRequestInterval

    signal.signal(signal.SIGTERM, terminateAgentProcess)
    signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, terminateAgentProcess)

    print('%s starting up arednsig agent process' % \

    # last time output JSON file updated
    lastDataRequestTime = -1
    # last time charts generated
    lastChartUpdateTime = - 1
    # last time the rrdtool database updated
    lastDatabaseUpdateTime = -1

    ## Get command line arguments.

    ## Exit with error if rrdtool database does not exist.
    if not os.path.exists(_RRD_FILE):
        print('rrdtool database does not exist\n' \
              'use createArednsigRrd script to ' \
              'create rrdtool database\n')
    ## main loop
    while True:

        currentTime = time.time() # get current time in seconds

        # Every web update interval request data from the aredn
        # node and process the received data.
        if currentTime - lastDataRequestTime > dataRequestInterval:
            lastDataRequestTime = currentTime
            dData = {}

            # Get the data string from the device.
            result = getNodeData(dData)

            # If successful parse the data.
            if result:
                result = parseDataString(dData)

            # If parse successful, write data output data file.
            if result:

            # If write output file successful, update the database.
            if result:
                result = updateDatabase(dData)

            # Set the node status to online or offline depending on the
            # success or failure of the above operations.

        # At the chart generation interval, generate charts.
        if currentTime - lastChartUpdateTime > chartUpdateInterval:
            lastChartUpdateTime = currentTime
            p = multiprocessing.Process(target=generateGraphs, args=())

        # Relinquish processing back to the operating system until
        # the next update interval.

        elapsedTime = time.time() - currentTime
        if verboseMode:
            if result:
                print("update successful: %s sec\n" % elapsedTime)
                print("update failed: %s sec\n" % elapsedTime)
        remainingTime = dataRequestInterval - elapsedTime
        if remainingTime > 0.0:
    ## end while
## end def

if __name__ == '__main__':